To prevent and diagnose the symptoms of any possible disease make sure you visit your gynaecologist on a regular basis. Your gynaecologist is the best person to advise you and help you maintain a good quality of life.
When should I visit my gynaecologist about coping with menopause?
At this time of life, it is important to continue to visit your gynaecologist on a regular basis. The aim is to detect any symptoms and prevent disease, for example, postmenopausal bleeding, breast lumps or vulvar lesions. Your gynaecologist will also be able to advise you on the best hygienic and dietary habits to prevent osteoporosis and cardiovascular risk and help you get the most out of your sex life.
Should I ask the gynaecologist for treatment?
Only half of all women asked, who have visited their doctor about coping with menopause, undergo treatment. A high percentage of them are satisfied with their treatment. There are various treatments that can help minimise the symptoms of menopause. First and foremost it is necessary to establish the woman’s menopause stage and the specific symptoms that she is experiencing. The gynaecologist will determine the best course of treatment, on an individual basis, according to the needs of each woman.
How often should I have a mammogram?
If there are no risk factors, you should have one every 2 years from age 50. If there are risk factors, the frequency should be agreed with your gynaecologist. The widespread availability and improvements in radiological techniques, in particular mammograms, have made it possible to diagnose tumours early, improving survival rates and providing the option of less aggressive surgical treatments.
How do women feel about coping with menopause?
In general, women have a positive attitude towards this new mature woman stage. Almost twice as many menopausal women (38%) agree that “They feel as young as before” as those that disagree (21.3%). Menopause does not seem to have a significant effect on self-esteem, but it does have an effect on a woman’s sex life. Women agree that they can now have sex without the risk of getting pregnant, yet a high percentage of them have less sex than before menopause. It is important to maintain a positive state of mind and keep physically and mentally active.
EMA Guidelines. 10 tips for coping with menopause and maintaining a good quality of life in perimenopausal and menopausal women
- At this time of life, it is very important to follow the right diet. This will enable you to maintain a healthy weight, preventing excess weight and obesity. The Mediterranean diet is very good, you just need to increase the calcium intake.
- It is also important to keep physically active for the cardiovascular benefits. This will also help you maintain muscle strength and bone mineral density.
- Make sure you are getting normal levels of calcium after menopause. Vitamin D is essential for many biological systems as it promotes the absorption of calcium, strengthening bones and preventing falls.
- Eliminate toxic habits from your life. Smoking is one of the most important risk factors in cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. The less you smoke the better.
- If necessary, modify your lifestyle to prevent risk factors. It is important to do this because the leading cause of death after menopause is cardiovascular disease.
- Have regular check-ups to prevent breast cancer. In women at high risk of developing this disease chemoprevention can be very useful.
- Osteoporosis is directly linked to menopause and ageing. However, there are other risk factors that can also interfere with bone regeneration, such as having a close relative with the disease, having had broken bones, having a body mass index below 20, etc.
- Menopause is a time of life that should be faced positively. As a woman, after this stage you will have the unique opportunity to enjoy great vitality and have lots of experiences.
- Being sexually active helps prevent vaginal dryness and atrophy so a good sex life and a good relationship with your partner are a great support during this stage.
- Maintaining a good quality of life is the key aim for every woman and, by extension, for all the specialists dedicated to protecting your health.